This was not possible in the south of the South Island, but wild plants such as fernroot were often available and cabbage trees were harvested and cultivated for food. Local banks, notably the Bank of New Zealand and the Colonial Bank, were "reckless" and permitted "a frenzy of private borrowing".
In all between and8. They also cultivated the cabbage treea plant endemic to New Zealand, and exploited wild foods such as fern root, which provided a starchy paste.
After immigration reduced, and growth was due chiefly to the excess of births over deaths. Early European settlement[ edit ] Further information: Auckland was the second capital of New Zealand.
This and the increased commercial interests of merchants in Sydney and London spurred the British to take stronger action. The government bought practically all the useful land, then resold it to the New Zealand Companywhich promoted immigration, or leased it for sheep runs. Despite a brief boom in wheat, prices for farm products sagged.
His colonisation programmes were over-elaborate and operated on a much smaller scale than he hoped for, but his ideas influenced law and culture, especially his vision for the colony as the embodiment of post-Enlightenment ideals, the notion of New Zealand as a model society, and the sense of fairness in employer-employee relations.
New Zealand has no native land mammals apart from some rare bats so birds, fish and sea mammals were important sources of protein. This was acknowledged by King William IV.
Hard times led to urban unemployment and sweated labour exploitative labour conditions in industry. The Church of England sponsored the Canterbury Association colony with assisted passages from Great Britain in the early s.
When the British settlers petititoned for self-government, the British Parliament passed the New Zealand Constitution Actsetting up a central government with an elected General Assembly Parliament and six provincial governments.
However, these boundaries had no real impact as the New South Wales administration had little interest in New Zealand. On 1 July New Zealand became a colony in its own right.
As the gold boom ended Premier Julius Vogel borrowed money from British investors and launched in an ambitious programme of public works and infrastructure investment, together with a policy of assisted immigration.
Map of the New Zealand coastline as Cook charted it on his first visit in — Warfare also increased in importance, reflecting increased competition for land and other resources.The history of New Zealand dates back at least years to when it was discovered and settled by Polynesians, who developed a distinct Māori culture centred on kinship links and land.
The first European explorer to sight New Zealand was Dutch navigator Abel Tasman on 13 December The Dutch were also the first non-natives to explore and chart New .Download