Environmental Effects Elevated amounts of lead accumulated in soils and fresh water bodies can result in decreased growth and reproductive rates in plants and animals.
The amendments also created incentives to promote the use of natural gas and the development of biofuels.
Battery- and fuel cell—electric trucks and buses, especially transit buses, are already operating in cities across the United States, and these fleets continue to expand as new models become available.
People in low-income communities and communities of color are disproportionately exposed to higher levels of air pollution. There were less autistic children born in majority white, highly educated, and high income communities.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Aprilvol. Regional exposure measures of nitrogen dioxide and particulate matter less than 2. An Analysis of U. This compares with the approximate 33 from gun deaths or recent average of 35 from motor vehicle collisions.
There are also a large number of compounds which have been determined to be hazardous which are called air toxics. There are variety of infections because many different organisms can cause the infections.
This is less strict than the scientific recommendation, but is more strict than the current standard. Conclusions Reductions in PM2.
Clean Air Act - the Clean Air Act and its Amendments also includes an easy to read version Air Toxics Rules and Implementation - Air Toxics Rules and Implementation Measuring, reporting, and using emissions data Measurement In order to make improvements in the air quality, the amount of pollutants in the air must be measured.
Brain Development[ edit ] It is found that children living in areas of high air pollution, particularly high traffic pollution, tend to do worse on standardized testing.
The Clean Air Act of was signed into law by President Richard Nixon and gave the Environmental Protection Agency created under the same administration the authority to regulate emissions of hazardous air pollutants from fixed and mobile sources. These include setting targets for electric truck and bus adoption, enacting standards for manufacturers to make more of these types of vehicles, and developing and funding incentive programs to help cities and companies achieve these goals.
The researchers based their research on analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Journal of Public Economics, FebruaryVol.
Within a single race community, there is unequal distribution of cancer risks. Since then additional laws and regulations have been added including the Amendments to the Clean Air Act.
The study of environmental racism highlights any disproportionate exposure to toxins or inaccessibility to ecological benefits such as clean water, clean air, and natural resources.
Both the EPA and the Port of Los Angeles are partners of the San Pedro Bay Ports Clean Air Action Plana sweeping plan aimed at significantly reducing the health risks posed by air pollution from port-related ships, trains, trucks, terminal equipment and harbor craft.
In the study, there was also association found between increased black carbon levels, worse testing results and children who primarily spoke Spanish at home and have parents with lower education. EPA also encourages and supports area-wide air toxics strategies of state, tribal and local agencies through national, regional and community-based initiatives.
Also, although steel, cement, and refining production jobs are likely to decrease on a large scale, this is expected to be counteracted by a boom in production and job opportunities in the solar and wind power sectors.The U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is committed to protecting public health by improving air quality and reducing air pollution. This annual report presents the trends in the nation's air quality, and summarizes the detailed information found at EPA's AirTrends website (link will open in a new tab).
Cars, trucks, and buses powered by fossil fuels are major contributors to air pollution—transportation emits more than half of nitrogen oxides in our air, and is a major source of global warming emissions in the US.
Studies have linked pollutants from vehicle exhaust to adverse impacts on nearly every organ system in the body. The Effect of Air Pollution Control on Life Expectancy in the United States: An Analysis of US counties for the period to Andrew W.
Correia, C. Arden Pope, United States Environmental Protection Agency. The benefits and costs of the Clean Air Act, – review of scholarship on impact of air pollution in the United States, including health effects, economic costs and automotive and transportation causes. The health effects and costs of air pollution: Research roundup “Effect of Air Pollution Control on Life Expectancy in the United States: An Analysis of U.S.
Counties for. Today, pollution levels in many areas of the United States exceed national air quality standards for at least one of the six common pollutants: Although levels of particle pollution and ground-level ozone pollution are substantially lower than in the past, levels are unhealthy in numerous areas of the country.
Both pollutants are the result of emissions from diverse sources, and travel long distances and across. Air pollution caused by energy production in the U.S.
caused at least $ billion in damages in the year alone, a new analysis concludes — but while the number sounds grim, it’s also a.Download