Bettye Goldstein graduated in from Smith College with a degree in psychology and, after a year of graduate work at the University of CaliforniaBerkeley, settled in New York City.
Many of the mothers and grandmothers of Eisenhower era housewives had been suffragists who protested for the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment, granting women the right to vote. Growing up to ride bicycles and play baseball, studying math, going away to college, and living alone in cities had made them think that they could do what men did.
Friedan sees the feminine mystique as a failed social experiment that World War II and the Cold War helped to create and which in turn contributed to postwar phenomena like the baby boom and the growth of suburbs. InFriedan married Carl Friedan, a would-be theater producer and advertising maven.
See also feminism ; Sidebar: Some denominations permit homosexual pastors to lead their churches, which is offensive to those who are opposed to it, while others neither condone nor reject the issue.
They found themselves ill-suited to their roles as housewives as a result. The look that women were striving for was the look of the thin model.
Through the years, NOW activists have challenged anti-lesbian and gay laws and ballot initiatives in many states.
Friedan ends her book by promoting education and meaningful work as the ultimate method by which American women can avoid becoming trapped in the feminine mystique, calling for a drastic rethinking of what it means to be feminine, and offering several educational and occupational suggestions.
The detrimental effects induced by this image was that it narrowed women into the domestic sphere and led many women to lose their own identities.
Since its first publication, critics and popular readers have been sharply divided on their assessment of the work. She said, "the whole idea of homosexuality made me profoundly uneasy". She also insists that paid work is best, for it communicates to women that they have value.
For example, a question of equality before the law; we are interested in the equal rights amendment.
She postulates that these women unconsciously stretch their home duties to fill the time available, because the feminine mystique has taught women that this is their role, and if they ever complete their tasks they will become unneeded.
Friedan points out that this is unproven and that Margaret Meada prominent functionalist, had a flourishing career as an anthropologist.
She experienced isolation and suspicion in her Rockland County, New York suburb when the other wives and mothers realized that she had embarked on a career as a writer. They suffered most from the problem that has no name. Still there was a lot of oppression felt by lesbian women, even among the homosexual realm.
The majority of the Christian leaders reject homosexuality and define it as a sin that must be dealt with. After college, she worked as a writer and editor before marrying and starting a family in Women quietly envied each other, not realizing that they were suffering from the same problem: As president of NOW, she directed campaigns to end sex-classified employment notices, for greater representation of women in government, for child-care centres for working mothers, and for legalized abortion and other reforms.
Inshe published The Fountain of Age, challenging yet another series of cultural stereotypes. The only thing the younger Friedan knew and which these young women seemed to know is that they do not want to be like their mothers.The result of the feminine mystique, according to Friedan’s research, was not greater satisfaction in marriage or a stronger sense of purpose in the sex-defined role.
On the contrary, career women with graduate degrees tended to report higher levels of satisfaction in their marriages, as well as more orgasms. Betty Friedan, née Bettye Naomi Goldstein, (born February 4,Peoria, Illinois, U.S.—died February 4,Washington, D.C.), American feminist best known for her book The Feminine Mystique (), which explored the causes of the frustrations of modern women in traditional roles.
Journalist, activist, and co-founder of the National Organization for Women, Betty Friedan was one of the early leaders of the women’s rights movement of the s and s. Her best-selling book, The Feminine Mystique, gave voice to millions of American women’s frustrations with their limited gender roles and helped spark.
The Feminine Mystique is a book written by Betty Friedan which is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States. It was published on February 19, by W. W. Norton. InFriedan was asked to conduct a survey of her former Smith College classmates for their 15th anniversary reunion; the results, in.
When Betty Friedan's The Feminine Mystique was first published in the United States init exploded into American consciousness. Since its first publication, critics and popular readers have been sharply divided on their assessment of the work.
However, one fact is certain: The Feminine Mystique sparked a national debate about women's. Feb 04, · With her book The Feminine Mystique (), Betty Friedan () broke new ground by exploring the idea of women finding personal fulfillment outside of their traditional roles.
She also helped advance the women’s rights movement as one of the founders of the National Organization for Women (NOW).Download